Grete Marks: When Modern Was Degenerate
Milwaukee Art Museum
700 North Art Museum Drive Milwaukee, WI
Through January 1
Grete Marks was born in Cologne in 1899 to an artistic Jewish family, and she enrolled in the ceramics program at the Bauhaus School in 1920. In 1923 she left the school to marry a young industrialist with whom she founded the HaÃ«l Factory for Artistic Ceramics to produce her designs. These works are composed of simple geometric shapes, glazed with striking colors and patterns in the style of Soviet Constructivist painters and showcasing the Bauhaus ideal of uniting industrial mass-production with Modernist aesthetics. Marksâ€™ legacy as a potter was cut short by the Nazi party when in 1935 they declared her artwork â€œdegenerate,â€ and her avant-garde pottery career ended with the onset of World War II. This will be the first American exhibition to explore Marksâ€™ work and the circumstances that have prevented her name from entering the list of Bauhaus greats.