China is rapidly becoming a very sought-after tourist destination and the government is investing in the construction of new airports to open up all regions of the country and to improve both communications and trade. Currently there are over 40 airports at various stages of construction and in a few years when these are complete China will have several airports able to compete as major hubs in Asia.
Tianjin is located in Northern China along the west coast of the Bohai Gulf, looking out to Shandong and Liaoning, bordered by Beijing 120 kilometres (75 mi) to the northwest, and except for the east, is surrounded on all sides by Hebei. Tianjin’s prosperity proved a lure for Western trading nations. In 1856 British and French troops used the boarding of a British ship by Chinese troops in search of pirates as an excuse to attack the forts guarding the Haihe River. The defeated Chinese were forced to sign the 1858 Treaty of Tianjin, which opened the port to foreign trade and to the sale of opium. Other European nations and Japan followed, establishing distinctive independent concessions on the riverside areas, each with a distinctive architectural style — variously English Victorian, Italian Roman style streets, French chateaux styles, and German Bavarian villas.
Tianjin became a center of urban modernization and internationalism in the early years of the 20th century. Hotels like the Astor received famous guests such as Herbert Hoover and Sun Yat-sen, and one of China’s first lifts was installed there in 1924. Meanwhile, heavy silting of the Haihe River led to construction of a new port at Tanggu, 50 km downriver, as Tianjin lost its character as a major port city. The 1976 Tangshan earthquake caused extensive damage to the city, and it was closed to foreign visitors until repairs were completed. The establishment of the Tianjin Economic and Development Area was a major spur to investment and economic revitalization.
AWR – Architecture Workshop in Rome proposes the design of a new air terminal that can increase the reception capacity of the old airport. The design process must be observed especially by climatic and environmental aspects of the area to explore issues related to sustainability and reducing the environmental impact of such works.
Registration Deadline: Friday, February 15, 2013.
Submission Deadline: Thursday, February 28, 2013.
Competition website: Visit website