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University at Buffalo’s Nicholas Bruscia and Christopher Romano’s 3xLP project won first place in Tex-Fab’s SKIN. (Raf Godlewski and Stephen Olson)
A structural, textured metal system wins first place in a competition and the chance to develop a façade with Zahner.
Reinforcing the idea that time fosters wisdom, Nicholas Bruscia and Christopher Romano’s third iteration of a structural architectural screen was awarded first place in Tex-Fab’s digital fabrication competition, SKIN. According to Tex-Fab’s co-director, Andrew Vrana, the team’s 3xLP project was selected for its innovative façade system, which uses parametric design and digital fabrication.
The 3xLP designers’ exploration of the relationship between academia and manufacturing merged at the University at Buffalo’s (UB) Department of Architecture. Starting their collaborative research with a digital model, Bruscia and Romano solicited the help of local manufacturer Rigidized Metals, (RM), who helped realize the second stage of the project’s evolution with two thin gauge metals featuring proprietary patterns. “The project is important because we’ve partnered so closely with Rigidized Metals,” Roman told AN. “We’ve brought digital and computational expertise, and they’ve provided material knowledge for textured metal—it’s a reciprocal team.”
Structural loading was tested in Karamba, an architect-friendly finite element method analysis plugin for Rhino that was developed recently in Austria. (courtesy Nicholas Bruscia and Christopher Romano)
Fabricator Rigidized Metals
Designers Nicholas Bruscia and Christopher Romano with Phil Gusmano and Dan Vrana
Location Buffalo, New York
Date of Completion October 2013
Material 1RL+4LB textured stainless steel, 16-20GA, steel bolts
Bruscia said the computational models were heavily informed by material parameters. Working with various patterns in RM’s product library, the team started to see various textures performing differently in structural applications, though the company’s metals are typically used in cladding or decorative applications. “Rigidized Metals’ patterns are stronger than flat metals,” Romano said. “That informed how we selected textures and which became a part of the computational conversation.” Drawn to the geometry of the embossed 4LB sheet, they found the low relief pattern to perform comparably to a deeply stamped-style, and that it complemented other chosen patterns nicely. Structural loading was tested in Karamba, an architect-friendly finite element method analysis plugin for Rhino that was developed recently in Austria. Designed primarily in Rhino 5 and Grasshopper, the team also wrote many of their own scripts.
For the SKIN competition, the team adjusted porosity of the screen to increase transparency for façade applications. The screen’s pattern is articulated from all perspectives, creating a dynamic quality that is achieved by a slight twist through the entire structure. “The twist in the system is a result of us getting the geometry on the screen for the system to perform structurally, and to make it possible to fabricate,” Romano said. “Some geometric moves on the screen can be difficult to fabricate, so to remove those you get subtle twisting in the elevation.”
Bruscia and Romano will work with Rigidized Metals, as well as Zahner Glass, to fabricate a façade system with a glazing component. (Raf Godlewski and Stephen Olson)
At RM’s Buffalo facility, profiles of the system’s components were turret-punched on a CNC, and folded on a press break to achieve a diamond shape. A tabbing system was also milled so the shapes could be fastened with stainless bolts to form a seamless, continuous cell structure. As part of the SKIN competition, Bruscia and Romano will continue working with RM, as well as A. Zahner Company, to fabricate a façade system with a glazing component. The 3xLP team will exhibit their results at the Tex-Fab 5 event in Austin, Texas on February 19.
Rigidized Metals fabricated poly-sided sheets to form the 3D shape when folded. (courtesy Nicholas Bruscia and Christopher Romano)
Panels were turret punched before being bent in to place on a press break. (Raf Godlewski and Stephen Olson)
“Some geometric moves on the screen can be difficult to fabricate, so to remove those you get subtle twisting in the elevation,” Romano said. (courtesy Nicholas Bruscia and Christpher Romano)
The designers wrote many of their own scripts in Rhino for 3xLP. (courtesy Nicholas Bruscia and Christpher Romano)
Load testing of various metal patterns was conducted in Karamba software. (courtesy Nicholas Bruscia and Christpher Romano)
Rigidized Metals’ low relief pattern performs comparably to a deeply stamped-style. (Raf Godlewski and Stephen Olson)
Each cell is bolted to place in succession. (Raf Godlewski and Stephen Olson)
The metal gauge changes as the structure ascends. (Raf Godlewski and Stephen Olson)
Computational models were heavily informed by material parameters. (Raf Godlewski and Stephen Olson)
3xLP was temporarily erected in the Silo City area of Buffalo. (Raf Godlewski and Stephen Olson)