Finding Asylum: Tracing the evolution of five Kirkbride Planned hospitals for the insane

The elegant rooftop of the Danvers State Hospital in Massachusetts. (Christopher Payne)

The elegant rooftop of the Danvers State Hospital in Massachusetts. (Christopher Payne)

The Victorian-era psychologist Thomas Story Kirkbride advocated the use of fresh air and elegant architecture for healing mental illnesses. Under the Kirkbride Plan for asylums, patients resided in extensive, well-landscaped grounds and palace-like structures. Yet inside, unplanned by the architects, patients often were restrained in chains and dark dungeons and suffered ice-water baths.

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Buffalo greens up with new form-based land use and zoning codes

City Terrain, East, News, Urbanism
Wednesday, October 28, 2015
(Courtesy Andrew Nash / Flickr)

(Courtesy Andrew Nash / Flickr)

Some claim that the city of Buffalo, New York, was not named for the large plains mammal but for the beau fleuve, the beautiful Niagara River, that empties into Lake Erie near the city. Regardless of whether this story is true or apocryphal, it’s undeniable that Buffalo is reprising its environmental heritage with the Green Code, a comprehensive update to the city’s zoning and land use regulations.

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Notes From the AIA: New Orleans Master Plan

Friday, May 13, 2011

Land use map for one of New Orleans' neighborhoods.

While our recent feature on New Orleans highlights some of the more high-profile architectural and development projects in the city, yesterday we were introduced to the other half of the rebuilding equation: the New Orleans Master Plan, which is being developed by Boston firm Goody Clancy and New Orleans-based Manning Architects.

At an afternoon panel, Goody Clancy principal David Dixon and Manning principal W. Raymond Manning shared their experiences creating a document that sets a new course for the city, from land use and transportation planning to environmental protection. “I haven’t had a single boring day here,” said Dixon, who dove head first into the city’s labyrinth of bureaucracy, inefficiency, and even racial divisions to create the gargantuan still-evolving document.

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