Located in Clemson, South Carolina, an idyllic college town halfway between Atlanta and Charlotte, and serving as the only School of Architecture in the state, the leadership of the school has historically created a curriculum that balances service to its home state and connections to the wider world. In fact, the “Fluid Campus” has become a hallmark of the institution with almost all of the students, undergraduate and graduate, spending at least one semester at one of three urban satellite campuses: Genoa, Italy; Barcelona, Spain; and Charleston, South Carolina.
“Southern Roots + Global Reach,” a year of events commemorating this spirit, culminated with the Centennial Symposium: “The Architecture of Regionalism in the age of Globalism.” Organized by Director of Graduate Studies, Peter Laurence, with the support of Kate Schwennsen, former AIA president and chair of the School of Architecture, the event sought to deepen our definition of critical regionalism in an era of expanded global diversity.
Left to right: Frank Harmon, Merrill Elam, Marlon Blackwell, Alexander Tzonis, and Liane Lefaivre after the symposium. (Annemarie Jacques)
Over 400 attendees gathered to participate in a day of lectures and round table discussions featuring distinguished Southeast-based practitioner/educators Marlon Blackwell (Fayetteville, AK), Merill Elam (Atlanta), and Frank Harmon (Raleigh, NC). The keynote address was given by architectural historian-theorists Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre, who coined the term “critical regionalism,” defined as an architecture rooted in the modern tradition, but tied to geographical and cultural context.
Highlights of the day included the round-table discussion, which included exciting debate about Southern architects working in a global marketplace, which was prompted by Lefaivre’s question to the architects about how they approach and define critical regionalism in their practice.
Left to right: Frank Harmon, Marlon Blackwell, Liane Lefaivre, Merrill Elam, and Alexander Tzonis during the roundtable. (Annemarie Jacques)
Ultimately, the theme of the day exquisitely utilized the backdrop of the actual buildings of the school: Lee I, Lee II, and Lee III. All were designed to support a pedagogy that promotes design excellence, design innovation, and design activism. The original school was designed by regionalist architect and former dean, Harlan McClure, who brought a nuanced modernism to the school in the 1950s, a seminal period of regionalist architecture in the South. The most recent 2013 AIA Honor Award-winning addition, designed by Thomas Phifer, a native South Carolinian and Clemson graduate, maintains this dynamic spirit.
The symposium confirmed the valuable tension between the universal and the regional as an approach to architectural process and design, and as a lineage of the modernist era, is perfectly embodied in the curriculum, conversations, and the architecture itself at Clemson University. The symposium reinforced the importance of the role of an institution that promotes regional identity in the context of globalized forces, as a means to protect natural and cultural diversity, and to promote “local and global understandings of firmness, commodity, and delight.”